Still playing USB Modem fun and games

CB charles-brewster at ntlworld.com
Sat Jan 1 13:59:00 GMT 2005


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Hello - Happy New Year

 

Many thanks Brian and Mike for your helpful observations and suggestions.

 

Mike - I tried the kldload sequence you suggested (but without rebuilding
the kernel which has "ucom" and "umodem" compiled in) having started the box
up with the modem unplugged.

 

kldload umct

kldload uplcom

kldload ubsa

executed fine as expected, and

kldload umodem  

generated an error saying the file was already present, also as expected.

 

Plugging the modem in: it is recognised immediately, but as a ugen - see
dmesg | tail o/p:

--

acpi_tz0: _CRT value is absurd, ignored (214.0C)

acpi_tz0: _CRT value is absurd, ignored (214.0C)

ata0-master: DMA limited to UDMA33, non-ATA66 cable or device

acd0: DVDR <LITE-ON DVDRW SOHW-1633S/BS0C> at ata0-master UDMA33

ad2: 38165MB <ST340014A/8.01> [77542/16/63] at ata1-master UDMA100

ad3: 152627MB <WDC WD1600BB-00DWA0/15.05R15> [310101/16/63] at ata1-slave
UDMA100

Mounting root from ufs:/dev/ad2s1a

ugen0: Conexant Systems, Inc. V.90 Modem with USB Interface, rev 1.00/0.01,
addr 2

ugen0: at uhub1 port 1 (addr 2) disconnected

ugen0: detached

--

 

(I think the "CRT value is absurd" messages may result from me using a 22"
Dell monitor - good ol' Ebay)

 

While the modem was connected I got the following output from "usbdevs -d
-v":

--

Controller /dev/usb0:

addr 1: full speed, self powered, config 1, UHCI root hub(0x0000),
VIA(0x0000), rev 1.00

  uhub0

 port 1 powered

 port 2 powered

Controller /dev/usb1:

addr 1: full speed, self powered, config 1, UHCI root hub(0x0000),
VIA(0x0000), rev 1.00

  uhub1

 port 1 addr 2: full speed, power 150 mA, config 1, V.90 Modem with USB
Interface(0x3050), Conexant Systems, Inc.(0x0e42), rev 0.01

   ugen0

 port 2 powered

Controller /dev/usb2:

addr 1: full speed, self powered, config 1, UHCI root hub(0x0000),
VIA(0x0000), rev 1.00

  uhub2

 port 1 powered

 port 2 powered

Controller /dev/usb3:

addr 1: full speed, self powered, config 1, UHCI root hub(0x0000),
VIA(0x0000), rev 1.00

  uhub3

 port 1 powered

 port 2 powered

--

And the following from "kldstat":

--

Id Refs Address            Size     Name

 1   12 0xffffffff80100000 795e20   kernel

 2    1 0xffffffffa7b9a000 e05      dragon_saver.ko

 3    1 0xffffffffa7c04000 dfd      umct.ko

 4    1 0xffffffffa7c05000 136c     uplcom.ko

 5    1 0xffffffffa7c07000 ff7      ubsa.ko

--

 

The "dragon_saver" wasn't working anyway and threw up errors during bootup,
so I set screensaver to "none" with sysinstall, rebooted and tried all
again, just in case that was upsetting it somehow, but no further joy.

 

I'm wondering if the USB Modem itself is of the type supported by "umodem" -
I note on the man page that it says

"Only modems with multiplexed commands and data are supported at the
moment."

 

The beast in question is v34/v90/v92 branded "PC Line" model PCL-MD200 which
shipped with next to no documentation, just a CD from "SuperVoice" with
generic drivers for the various flavours of MS Windows. I can try to dig
around for a spec on the 'net and see if it does in fact do multiplexed
commands and data.

 

For what it's worth, I also can't get the modem working with Linux (Suse 9.1
on a different replaceable hard drive) on the same AMD64 box, and newsgroup
references don't offer much help there either.

 

For legacy printer support, I have to say I'm looking away from the idea of
a USB->Parallel Port convertor, and I'm keen to equip the box with
conventional serial and parallel ports. The ABIT KV8-MAX3 motherboard has no
ISA slots, and a PCI serial/parallel card will probably have to wait until
the month-end

 

A propos discussions on what topics might be included in a FreeBSD
conference this year - I'd much like something of a primer session on
writing drivers - even if it was just pointers to the best places to start
in the online documentation and/or the published literature.

 

Many thanks for all your help - any further suggestions are much appreciated
of course.

 

All good things for 2005

 

Regards

Charles B

--

 

PS - with earlier versions of FreebSD I used to be able to switch between
alternate TTYs with ALT+F1, ALT+F2 etc, but that doesn't seem to work with
this installation - has the KB shortcut changed? - or might the new-fangled
"multimedia" KB I'm using not be generating the correct codes for ALT+Fx
keystrokes? Any easy way I can check this?

 

 

 

 

                                


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<div class=3DSection1>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>Hello &#8211; Happy New =
Year<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>Many thanks Brian and Mike for your helpful =
observations and
suggestions.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>Mike &#8211; I tried the kldload sequence you =
suggested (but
without rebuilding the kernel which has &#8220;ucom&#8221; and =
&#8220;umodem&#8221;
compiled in) having started the box up with the modem =
unplugged.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>kldload umct<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>kldload uplcom<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>kldload ubsa<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>executed fine as expected, =
and<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>kldload umodem &nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>generated an error saying the file was already =
present, also
as expected.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>Plugging the modem in: it is recognised immediately, =
but as
a ugen &#8211; see dmesg | tail o/p:<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>--<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>acpi_tz0: _CRT value is absurd, ignored =
(214.0C)<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>acpi_tz0: _CRT value is absurd, ignored =
(214.0C)<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>ata0-master: DMA limited to UDMA33, non-ATA66 cable =
or
device<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>acd0: DVDR &lt;LITE-ON DVDRW SOHW-1633S/BS0C&gt; at
ata0-master UDMA33<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>ad2: 38165MB &lt;ST340014A/8.01&gt; [77542/16/63] at
ata1-master UDMA100<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>ad3: 152627MB &lt;WDC WD1600BB-00DWA0/15.05R15&gt;
[310101/16/63] at ata1-slave UDMA100<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>Mounting root from =
ufs:/dev/ad2s1a<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>ugen0: Conexant Systems, Inc. V.90 Modem with USB =
Interface,
rev 1.00/0.01, addr 2<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>ugen0: at uhub1 port 1 (addr 2) =
disconnected<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>ugen0: detached<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>--<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>(I think the &#8220;CRT value is absurd&#8221; =
messages may result
from me using a 22&#8221; Dell monitor &#8211; good ol&#8217; =
Ebay)<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>While the modem was connected I got the following =
output
from &#8220;usbdevs &#8211;d =
&#8211;v&#8221;:<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>--<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>Controller /dev/usb0:<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>addr 1: full speed, self powered, config 1, UHCI root
hub(0x0000), VIA(0x0000), rev 1.00<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>&nbsp; uhub0<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>&nbsp;port 1 powered<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>&nbsp;port 2 powered<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>Controller /dev/usb1:<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>addr 1: full speed, self powered, config 1, UHCI root
hub(0x0000), VIA(0x0000), rev 1.00<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>&nbsp; uhub1<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>&nbsp;port 1 addr 2: full speed, power 150 mA, config =
1,
V.90 Modem with USB Interface(0x3050), Conexant Systems, Inc.(0x0e42), =
rev 0.01<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>&nbsp;&nbsp; ugen0<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>&nbsp;port 2 powered<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>Controller /dev/usb2:<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>addr 1: full speed, self powered, config 1, UHCI root
hub(0x0000), VIA(0x0000), rev 1.00<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>&nbsp; uhub2<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>&nbsp;port 1 powered<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>&nbsp;port 2 powered<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>Controller /dev/usb3:<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>addr 1: full speed, self powered, config 1, UHCI root
hub(0x0000), VIA(0x0000), rev 1.00<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>&nbsp; uhub3<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>&nbsp;port 1 powered<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>&nbsp;port 2 powered<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>--<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>And the following from =
&#8220;kldstat&#8221;:<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>--<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>Id Refs
Address&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;=

Size&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Name<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>&nbsp;1&nbsp;&nbsp; 12 0xffffffff80100000 =
795e20&nbsp;&nbsp;
kernel<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>&nbsp;2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1 0xffffffffa7b9a000
e05&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; =
dragon_saver.ko<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>&nbsp;3&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1 0xffffffffa7c04000
dfd&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; umct.ko<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>&nbsp;4&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1 0xffffffffa7c05000
136c&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; uplcom.ko<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>&nbsp;5&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1 0xffffffffa7c07000
ff7&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; ubsa.ko<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>--<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>The &#8220;dragon_saver&#8221; wasn&#8217;t working =
anyway
and threw up errors during bootup, so I set screensaver to =
&#8220;none&#8221;
with sysinstall, rebooted and tried all again, just in case that was =
upsetting
it somehow, but no further joy.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>I&#8217;m wondering if the USB Modem itself is of the =
type
supported by &#8220;umodem&#8221; &#8211; I note on the man page that it =
says<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>&#8220;Only modems with multiplexed commands and data =
are
supported at the moment.&#8221;<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>The beast in question is v34/v90/v92 branded =
&#8220;PC Line&#8221;
model PCL-MD200 which shipped with next to no documentation, just a CD =
from &#8220;SuperVoice&#8221;
with generic drivers for the various flavours of MS Windows. I can try =
to dig
around for a spec on the &#8216;net and see if it does in fact do =
multiplexed commands
and data.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>For what it&#8217;s worth, I also can&#8217;t get the =
modem
working with Linux (Suse 9.1 on a different replaceable hard drive) on =
the same
AMD64 box, and newsgroup references don&#8217;t offer much help there =
either.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>For legacy printer support, I have to say I&#8217;m =
looking
away from the idea of a USB-&gt;<st1:place w:st=3D"on"><st1:PlaceName =
w:st=3D"on">Parallel</st1:PlaceName>
 <st1:PlaceType w:st=3D"on">Port</st1:PlaceType></st1:place> convertor, =
and I&#8217;m
keen to equip the box with conventional serial and parallel ports. The =
ABIT
KV8-MAX3 motherboard has no ISA slots, and a PCI serial/parallel card =
will
probably have to wait until the month-end<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>A propos discussions on what topics might be included =
in a FreeBSD
conference this year &#8211; I&#8217;d much like something of a primer =
session
on writing drivers &#8211; even if it was just pointers to the best =
places to
start in the online documentation and/or the published =
literature.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>Many thanks for all your help &#8211; any further =
suggestions
are much appreciated of course.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>All good things for 2005<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>Regards<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>Charles B<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>--<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>PS &#8211; with earlier versions of FreebSD I used to =
be
able to switch between alternate TTYs with ALT+F1, ALT+F2 etc, but that =
doesn&#8217;t
seem to work with this installation &#8211; has the KB shortcut changed? =
- or
might the new-fangled &#8220;multimedia&#8221; KB I&#8217;m using not be
generating the correct codes for ALT+Fx keystrokes? Any easy way I can =
check
this?<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal style=3D'text-indent:36.0pt'><font size=3D2 =
face=3DArial><span
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></fo=
nt></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=3DMsoNormal><font size=3D2 face=3DArial><span =
style=3D'font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;=
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&=
nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; =
<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

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